Satyrinae of the Western Palearctic

Maniola jurtina (Linnaeus, 1758)

Type locality: Europe and Africa

Range: From Canary Islands to all of Europe and North Africa.

Habitat: Grassy, bushy places with an abundance of taller grasses; sometimes even on cultivated grounds, woodland clearings or margins, and heaths.

Flight Period: Late May to late September

Subspecies:

ssp. jurtina (Linnaeus, 1758) – Europe

ssp. hispulla (Esper, 1805) – Portugal, Spain;

ssp. hyperhispulla (Thomson,1973) – endemic to the Maltese Archipelago. Today it is only found in a couple of localities on the island of Gozo as it became extinct from Malta during the year 2000.

Maniola jurtina
Maniola jurtina
ssp. hispulla

Maniola jurtina
Maniola hyperhispulla

ssp. hyperhispulla 

Maniola jurtina hispulla

Maniola jurtina hispulla biotype

12/07/2012, Spain, Andalusia, Granada province, North of Puebla de Don Fadrique, 1,340mtrs

Maniola jurtina hyperhispulla

 Maniola jurtina hyperhispulla biotype

01/06/2013, Malta, Gozo, Marsalforn, 10mtrs

Maniola jurtina hyperhispulla

 Maniola jurtina hyperhispulla biotype

01/06/2013, Malta, Gozo, 10mtrs

Maniola jurtina hyperhispulla

 Maniola jurtina hyperhispulla biotype

01/06/2013, Malta, Gozo, Dwejra, 5mtrs

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